bacon's rebellion summary

In the aftermath of the rebellion, white planters reacted with alarm to the anger they had seen among the black Virginians who had joined Bacon’s rebellion. Bacon's Rebellion can be attributed to a myriad of causes, all of which led to dissent in the Virginia colony. Without their leader, the rebels floundered. At the time, wealthy settlers had built profitable tobacco plantations and used their crops to pay high colonial taxes. About a thousand Virginians rose because they resented Virginia Governor William Berkeley's friendly policies towards the Native Americans. In response, Bacon and his men rushed into Jamestown, burning and pillaging as they went. In September, matters came to a head. By then, Bacon’s rebellion was falling to pieces. Bacon’s rebellion caused a stir among the British, who allowed Berkeley to stay on as a governor. When the colonists called on their governor for military support, he refused. He accused Berkeley of trying to force the colonists into a civil war—while fomenting one of his own. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Humiliated and furious, Bacon gathered his troops. All Rights Reserved. an unsuccessful uprising by frontiersmen in Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon against the colonial government in Jamestown. Frontier militiamen retaliated, killing at least ten Doegs and 14 members of the Susquehannock Tribe by mistake. A few weeks later, he marched toward Jamestown with 500 supporters and another demand to lead the colony into war against the Native Americans. Nathaniel Bacon (right) and his rebel followers confront Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley with his failure to protect them from Native American attacks. Eventually, they merged with another tribe. Bacon’s Rebellion was the first popular revolt in England’s North American colonies. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. In September 1676, Bacon’s militia captured Jamestown and burned it to the ground. Bacon's Rebellion was an uprising in 1676 in the Virginia Colony in North America, led by a 29-year-old planter Nathaniel Bacon. “The planters had not been able to control this rowdy labor force of servants and slaves,” historian Ira Berlin told PBS. Berkeley accused him of rebellion and treason, and Bacon responded with heated proclamations of his own, accusing the governor of having sold “his [friends], country and the liberties of his loyal subjects to the barbarous heathen.”. As Bacon’s men stood off with Berkeley’s, the governor opened his shirt and showed Bacon his bare chest. “But soon after Bacon's Rebellion they increasingly distinguish between people of African descent and people of European descent. Berkeley had long tried to balance his colonists’ wishes against those of the tribes on Virginia’s borders. Drunk on brandy and the prospects of the land to which they thought they were entitled, Bacon and his men headed south. There were heavy English losses in the latest series of naval wars with the Dutch and, closer to home, there were many problems caused … Bacon's Rebellion, popular revolt in colonial Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon. Many were executed for their actions. Instead, Bacon retreated and began traveling throughout Virginia, recruiting other disgruntled rebels. However, it has more recently come to be understood as more of a power struggle between two men. Analysis. During the 1670s, the administration of veteran Virginia governor Sir William Berkeley became unpopular with small farmers and frontiersmen, because of the following reasons: Restrictions on the right to vote — the institution of a new land ownership … Berkeley didn’t get the chance. Bacon’s rebellion was a popular revolt in colonial Virginia in 1676. The governor eventually kicked him out of the assembly. “Sick, and weakened by the crossing, six weeks later Berkeley landed in London a broken man,” writes historian Warren M. Billings. In 2004, a small group of Occaneechi descendants bought back a 25-acre parcel of their traditional lands—the first time Occaneechi people have owned land as a tribe for over 250 years. This was the first time in Virginia you saw the race/slave divide The legacy of this rebellion is that it strengthens the class divide and strengthens the race divide. Bacon’s rebellion was a revolt that took place in 1676 in Virginia Colony, North America. Your email address will not be published. All Rights Reserved. Berkeley refused, infuriating Bacon. Finally, the Crown intervened. Soon Bacon would be dead and his militia defeated. Bacon's Rebellion all began with a concept called indentured servitude. Learn all about Bacon's Rebellion and European relationships with Native Americans in the southern colonies in just a few minutes! His supporters erupted with cries for the governor to let him lead a new campaign. …percent of the rebels in Bacon’s Rebellion were Blacks, both servants and freedmen). Backlash from Bacon’s rebellion is credited with helping kick off the racial distinctions that defined the colonies and the United States that followed. After the skirmish, Bacon and his men turned on them, slaughtering most of the Occaneechi and decimating their village. But Bacon and his men couldn’t surrender. Each orientation reflects contending views of human nature and prescriptions for making the world a better place. Back in the 1600s, the common folks living in Virginia loved Bacon, but the Native Americans and wealthy landowners (aristocrats), including the governor of Virginia, hated Bacon. The rebellion he led is commonly thought of as the first armed insurrection by American colonists against Britain … Right after the Revolutionary War, Thomas Jefferson and others upheld the event as a brave stand by embattled colonists. Our mission is to provide Virginia citizens with the ideas and news they need to build more prosperous, livable and sustainable communities. The rebellion of Bacon, as it is improperly called, has been little understood, its cause and course being imperfectly explainedby any authentic document hitherto possessed. Bacon's Rebellion was a shocking event that changed the tide of slavery in Virginia and nearby colonies, leading to much harsher environments for slaves. Settlers roll barrels of tobacco up a ramp and onto a ship in preparation for export from Jamestown, Virginia. The unrest began late in 1675 with confrontations between frontier settlers and Indians. The other was Nathaniel Bacon, an immature, lazy schemer who was sent to Virginia by his dad in the hopes he would grow up. “The governor would have hanged half the country, if they had let him alone,” remarked one observer. “Gone were his allies at court. Berkeley, assisted by an English naval squadron, soon defeated the remainder of the rebels, and Berkeley returned to Jamestown. Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia was one of the largest popular uprisings in the history of the British America, and it has a well-established place in numerous Atlantic historiographies. As for the Native Americans caught in the crosshairs of Bacon and Berkeley’s feud, after the massacre, the few Occaneechi people who remained fled their traditional lands. After arguing with the commissioner, who had been given authority to end Berkeley’s governorship, Berkeley went to England to beg Charles II to let him keep his post. Forces would be coming soon from England in an attempt to take his militia down. 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