human trafficking in thailand statistics 2018

Although the government continued to increase labor inspections in high-risk industries, inspections resulted in disproportionately few identified victims and criminal investigations. The government continued to grant citizenship to stateless persons in 2017 and issued a new regulation to provide legal residency to orphaned and non-Thai children born in Thailand. The government continued to screen for trafficking indicators among fishermen returning to Thailand and on fishing vessels in Thai waters, as well as among workers in seafood processing facilities. Snapshot of Thailand’s Key Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking and Forced Labor (As of August 2014) TIP 2013 country report 46:35. Malaysia has been a destination for victims from Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. 21st Century Sex Slaves ★ Documentary Human Trafficking ★ HD National Geo Doc Discover. Following criticisms from stakeholders, the government delayed implementation of the decree until June 2018 to seek stakeholder input on amendments of the decree, as well as to allow migrant workers more time to obtain the necessary documents for legal employment under the decree. Of the 450 victims in government shelters, 287 were employed either inside or outside shelters during the course of legal proceedings. Corruption continues to undermine anti-trafficking efforts. Some of these migrants are kidnapped and held for ransom, which increases their vulnerability to sexual servitude, forced labor, or debt bondage. The National Human Trafficking Hotline maintains one of the most extensive data sets on the issue of human trafficking in the United States. The battle has been raging on for every ASEAN country in the region, and while some governments have been more successful than others, every ASEAN member continues to face challenges. Since 2013, the amount of people trafficked into India from Nepal has increased by 500% in 2017 . The U.S. National Human Trafficking Hotline provides survivors of human trafficking with vital support and options to get help and stay safe. Females are also victims of domestic servitude and other forms of forced labor. Officials identified fewer victims of forced labor and investigated fewer forced labor cases compared to the previous reporting period. The Human Trafficking Criminal Procedures Act allowed judges to award compensation or restitution to victims, including in the absence of a victim request for these funds. More than 900 victims of human trafficking have been rescued in 2019 – According to official statistics released by the Thai anti-trafficking department, since the beginning of 2019, the police have rescued 974 victims of human trafficking. A government decree required migrant worker recruitment agencies to apply for a license and pay a deposit fee applied toward a foreign worker employment fund; unregistered agencies were liable to three years imprisonment and fines up to 60,000 baht ($1,840). [13] Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. In 2017, 101 migrant worker recruitment agencies were licensed and the government inspected 97 agencies; the government prosecuted one agency in violation of the decree and imposed a fine of 20,000 baht ($610). Contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline. Opinions expressed in articles and other materials are those of the authors; they do not necessarily reflect IMF policy. Traffickers have reportedly also preyed on ethnic minorities affected by internal conflicts in Myanmar. UK trafficking statistics. Gaps in access to suitable services and treatment during investigations, such as subjecting victims to multiple interviews, threat of detention or deportations, lengthy trials, and a lack of shelters in parts of the country, deterred victims from approaching authorities. The government amended the anti-trafficking law in 2015 to provide protection to whistleblowers but did not report whether this new provision had been applied. 3 years ago | 2.2K views. The government and civil society groups operated a service center for fishermen to provide information on their rights, skills training, health screenings, and other resources. 2018 . Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons 2014 Country Report. Nepal is a major source of human trafficking into India, and the victims are sold into forced labor and sex slavery in cities throughout India for up to Rs. Geneva: International Organization for Migration and International Labour Organization. 46:39. human trafficking is underreported, underdetected, and thus underprosecuted. The rise in child trafficking in the region is linked to the alarming increase in online child pornography, including live streaming of sexual abuse of children. The government developed and launched a video shown on flights entering Thailand discouraging sex tourism. To assess the state of youth anti-human trafficking programming in Ohio, the University of Dayton Human Rights Center conducted a series of online and telephone surveys in 2018. Conflicts in Myanmar and the southern Philippines are another major source of vulnerable refugees, according to the US Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2017. In one prosecution completed in 2017, the government convicted 62 offenders, including 11 government officials, involved in the trafficking of Rohingya migrants; it sentenced convicted officials to prison terms ranging from 14 to 79 years. In 2017, TICAC investigated 41 allegations of online child exploitation (24 in 2016), including 18 trafficking cases (four in 2016) which resulted in eight trafficking prosecutions. These shocking figures are only estimates, since accurate data are difficult to obtain, largely because human trafficking is underreported, underdetected, and thus underprosecuted. The anti-money laundering office seized assets worth more than 31 million baht ($950,920) from suspected traffickers in 2017, including in cases involving forced labor on fishing vessels, compared to 784 million baht ($24 million) seized in 2016. Tao Gae – fishing boat owner or fleet owner. 1 The most common form of human trafficking (79 percent) is sexual exploitation, with victims predominantly being women and girls. Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Progress Report 2015 (January – March 2016) Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2015. • Human trafficking is a high profit, low risk business which allows traffickers to generally operate with impunity. The U.S. Department of State upgraded Thailand’s ranking from the Tier 2 watch list to “Tier 2,” the second-highest ranking, in its 2018 trafficking in persons report released on 28 June. More than 900 victims of human trafficking have been rescued in 2019 – According to official statistics released by the Thai anti-trafficking department, since the beginning of 2019, the police have rescued 974 victims of human trafficking. However, in some cases, first responders, prosecutors, and judges did not sufficiently examine evidence or properly interpret trafficking laws, especially for labor trafficking. The UNODC stresses the need to help victims overcome the trauma and stigma associated with trafficking and to build trust in law enforcement, so that victims seek help and cooperate in prosecuting traffickers. Prostitution flourished especially after the abolishment of slavery in 1905 as former slave wives under the feudal system found themselves alone and without financial support. The Global Slavery Index estimates that there were 136,000 people living in modern slavery in the United Kingdom (UK) on any given day in 2016, reflecting a prevalence rate of 2.1 victims for every thousand people in the country. Documentary First. In addition, in March 2018, the government convicted four police officers who solicited bribes in exchange for not pressing charges against those involved in the exploitation of the Rohingya migrants; they were each sentenced to five years imprisonment. The government demonstrated increasing efforts by prosecuting and convicting more traffickers, and decreasing prosecution time for trafficking cases through the use of specialized anti-trafficking law enforcement divisions. The government continued to allow more adult trafficking victims the ability to travel, work, and reside outside shelters as provided by Thailand's anti-trafficking law. Following the completion of the horizontal evaluation of the National Action Plan, in Budget 2018, the Government of Canada announced $14.51 million over five years, beginning in 2018-2019, and $2.89 million per year ongoing, to establish a National Human Trafficking Hotline. Statistics on forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking Global estimates on forced labour Nearly 21 million people - three out of every 1,000 people worldwide - are victims of forced labour across the world, trapped in jobs which they were coerced or deceived into and which they cannot leave. Drugs 3. The RTP increased the number of personnel assigned to the Thai Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force (TICAC), which investigated internet-facilitated child sex trafficking. The Ministry of Tourism distributed more than 315,000 brochures discouraging sex tourism to businesses and tourism professionals and organized trainings for 800 local government officials, tourism sector workers, students, youth, and civil society organizations on prevention of child sexual exploitation in the tourism industry. The gap between the legal framework and the enforcement of relevant laws at the national level poses problems as well. Participants were appointed to mobile response teams that will advise multidisciplinary teams in complex cases. National Human Trafficking Hotline. Thailand figures prominently in human traffickers' maps as a preferred destination in Southeast Asia, government data shows. The government investigated and detained several vessels operating in international waters, leading to the identification of 50 exploited workers, including 35 trafficking victims and, in one case, the arrest of a broker and crew supervisor. The Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) reported assisting 450 victims in government shelters (561 in 2016), including 360 identified in 2017 and 90 identified in 2016, of which 132 were Thai and 228 were foreign victims. In addition, the government held training sessions with judges and prosecutors in two local regions to increase their coordination in trafficking cases. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016 (pdf), published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC). It increased funding for migrant labor management and anti-trafficking efforts to 3.6 billion baht ($110.4 million) in fiscal year 2018 from 3.2 billion baht ($98.2 million) in fiscal year 2017. Collusion between corrupt government officials and criminal networks is another severe problem. The government did not report how many of these violations had direct ties to trafficking. Members of ethnic minorities, highland persons, and stateless persons in Thailand have experienced instances of abuse indicative of trafficking. In many cases, the women and children are from remote and impoverished communities. Tesfay, Netsanet. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States. Civil society and government officials expressed concerns that due to varying levels of enforcement at PIPO centers, some boat captains chose ports where inspections and enforcement were weaker. There are reports that some brokers and employers continue to confiscate identity documents. More than 85 percent of victims were trafficked from within the region, according to the Most of the victims were from Myanmar. In 2017 the multidisciplinary teams of the CCCIF inspected 358 on-land seafood processing workplaces and found 142 cases of law and labor violations. The scourge of human trafficking, sometimes called “modern slavery,” affects some 40 million men, women, and children trapped in a horrendous web of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and coerced marriage (ILO and Walk Free Foundation 2017). The government offered Thai victims who did not request assistance in shelters with legal assistance and compensation from the anti-trafficking fund. Report. Government efforts to more quickly complete trafficking prosecutions may have resulted in victims spending less time in shelters. Some officials failed to recognize non-physical indicators of trafficking, such as non-payment of wages and document confiscation. The government provided 4.3 million baht ($130,670) for witness protection services for 52 witnesses in trafficking cases in 2017, compared to 2.9 million baht ($88,960) for 254 witnesses in 2016. “Climate Change Has Created a New Generation of Sex-Trafficking Victims.” Quartz, May 2. International Labour Organization (ILO) and Walk Free Foundation. On July 30, 2019, The National Human Trafficking Hotline published a summary of its 2018 statistics detailing the number of cases, the prevalence of different types of trafficking, and crucial demographics regarding trafficking. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. NGOs reported a decline in the prevalence of child begging following the passage of the Beggar Control Act during the previous reporting period, which provided for health and social services to beggars, including trafficking victims. The government held a series of workshops in early 2018 to review and update screening questions, procedures, and investigative techniques to improve the success of prosecutions. In addition, the government employed 60 Burmese and Cambodian language coordinators for port-in-port-out (PIPO) inspection centers, an increase from 30 in 2016, and MOL employed 74 interpreters. Thailand has come under fire in recent years for its ties to human trafficking, particularly in the seafood industry. Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Progress Report 2015 (January – March 2016) Summary of Thailand’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2015. It initiated prosecutions against 287 illegal brokers (108 in 2016) under the Employment and Job-Seeker Protection Act. MSDHS established a sub-unit under its anti-trafficking division to provide victims legal assistance and file compensation claims. ... Group on Statistics on Crime and Criminal Justice and in consultation with the EU Network of National Rapporteurs or Equiva- They also arise from nonmilitary dangers such as climate change, natural disasters, infectious diseases, and transnational crimes. Some remain at sea for several years, are paid very little or irregularly, work as much as 18 to 20 hours per day for seven days a week, and are reportedly threatened, physically beaten, drugged to work longer, and even killed for becoming ill, attempting to escape, or disobeying orders. DPLW conducted 1,693 labor inspections at high-risk workplaces, including sugarcane farms, garment factories, shrimp and fish processing facilities, pig farms, and poultry farms in 2017, finding 191 violations resulting in 12 prosecutions. The discovery of mass graves of trafficking victims along the border between Malaysia and Thailand in 2015 is gruesome evidence of such collusion; a Thai general and police officers were among 62 people convicted of human trafficking and other crimes connected with the case, according to news reports. Official complicity continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts, and there were anecdotal reports that officials arrested, detained, and deported some potential victims for crimes committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking. Geneva. Human trafficking is widespread in South-East Asia and in rural areas of Laos young women and girls are at a high risk of being trapped in the Thai sex trade. The government increased the number of PIPO inspection teams from 64 to 85. 50,000. Drought-affected migrants have been smuggled from Cambodia into Thailand (Calma 2017; Tesfay 2015). Armed conflict makes children even more vulnerable. In 2016, the Japanese government identified 50 trafficking victims, of whom 37 were victims of sexual exploitation, nine were forced to work as hostesses, and four were victims of labour exploitation, of whom two were forced to work as manual labourers and one was forced to work i… These two charts show the human trafficking arrest and conviction totals reported by each agency, from 2016 - 2018. Data collection on trafficking in human beings in the EU Final report - 2018 Lancaster University Data collection on trafficking 2018 in human beings in the EU. Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: Forced Labour and Forced Marriage. Snapshot of Thailand’s Key Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking and Forced Labor (As of August 2014) TIP 2013 country report “The United States and Thailand have a robust and enduring cooperation on law enforcement, protection of victims and prevention of trafficking.” Following the completion of the horizontal evaluation of the National Action Plan, in Budget 2018, the Government of Canada announced $14.51 million over five years, beginning in 2018-2019, and $2.89 million per year ongoing, to establish a National Human Trafficking Hotline. Thai, Burmese, Cambodian, Vietnamese, and Indonesian men and boys are subject to forced labor on Thai and foreign-owned fishing boats. Typhoons and other natural disasters are becoming more intense and frequent in Southeast Asia because of climate change, adding to the flow of potential victims, including children who are orphaned or separated from their families. Yet despite growing evidence that climate change increasingly drives forced migration, the link with human trafficking remains relatively unexplored. The plight of thousands of migrants stranded on boats in the Andaman Sea has drawn global attention to a sinister trade in people, which has thrived in south east Asia. Victims are paid too little or not at all for working up to 20 hours a day. This requires active participation and partnership between government and civil society groups, the private sector, and international foundations. DGMM issued its first annual report on trafficking and continued to publish annual data reports on its website for 2013-2017; however, observers reported the government did not share detailed statistics on a regular basis and OSCE reported discrepancies in the statistics of the different databases managed by various state institutions, such as the Ministry of Interior, MOJ, and courts. Thailand has enacted several laws against human trafficking. and Thailand in 2015 is gruesome evidence of such collusion; a Thai general and police officers were among 62 people convicted of human trafficking and other crimes connected with the case, accord - ing to news reports. Browse more videos. Sources below. In 2018, prosecutors filed restitution claims on behalf of 116 victims for 77.56 million baht ($2.4 million); however, the government did not report how many victims successfully obtained restitution. Nonetheless, legal advocates and NGOs reported compensation and restitution for victims were inconsistently paid and remained too low to incentivize victims to cooperate in prosecutions and funds seized from traffickers' assets were not awarded to victims. What is being done to fight human trafficking? Data collection on trafficking in human beings in the EU Final report - 2018 Lancaster University. Following the adoption of the Beggar Control Act in 2016, the government increased efforts to investigate forced and child begging; it initiated 26 forced begging investigations in 2017, compared to eight in 2016. The country’s Karen, Shan, Akha, and Lahu women are trafficked for sexual exploitation in Thailand, while Kachin women are sold as brides in China. Human trafficking is a crime in itself but it is rarely the end goal for the perpetrators. A common critique of anti-trafficking regimes is that most efforts have focused on criminalizing and prosecuting traffickers, as opposed to preventing the crime and protecting its victims. As reported over the past five years, Thailand is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. 2015. Finally, victims of trafficking receive inadequate protection and assistance. In addition, NGOs and international organizations widely reported the government did not adequately enforce the application of minimum wages in sectors with a minimum wage and lacked legislation to require minimum wages in other sectors, especially in those sectors with high employment of migrant workers. The 610 sex and labor trafficking victims whom the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) reported assisting in government and NGO shelters (401 in 2018), included 134 Thai and 476 foreign victims, and 170 victims of sex trafficking and 440 victims of labor trafficking. from the. It established an anti-trafficking task force composed of law enforcement, social workers, and NGOs to increase coordination of law enforcement and victim protection efforts; created a victim specialist program; and increased training for labor inspectors on forced labor. The government took steps to decrease the demand for commercial sex acts, including by investigating and prosecuting offenders who purchased children for commercial sex acts. Traffickers also choose their victims from among the massive numbers of people displaced by armed conflict and natural disasters, who in their desperate attempt to find safety and protection are particularly vulnerable. Despite reports of continued forced labor in Thailand, the government reported investigating fewer cases; authorities investigated 47 forced labor cases in 2017 (83 in 2016) and 16 in January through March 2018. Home Office, National Referral Mechanism Statistics: UK, End of Year Summary, 2019. Process was set up in 2002 as a direct result of being subjected to trafficking year while some. Confirming some of our previous notions about the horrific crime, increasing vulnerabilities for sex trafficking victim human! 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